International sites

English, French and Norwegian sites dealing with alcohol dependency and other dependencies:

C3 Foundation

The C Three Foundation was created to help save the lives of alcoholics worldwide. We aim to educate doctors, alcoholics, family and friends of alcohol-dependent people about the most successful long term treatment for alcoholism: The Sinclair Method.

Alcoweb

European site with plenty of information and links.

NIAA

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism offers free access to Medline and ETOH databases. Mainly for professionals.

Virtual library by Hans Olav Fekjaer

A collection of links to more than 1000 papers, reports, books etc., mostly research-based documents intended for professionals.

Web of Addictions

Information on several kinds of addictions. Lots of links.

Finnish sites

The following sites offer useful information (in Finnish) about substance abuse, alcohol-use disorder and treating dependencies:

Apua.info

Information and support to substance abuse and mental health

Avecforum.fi

Support for early- and crisis phases

Elämäntapaliitto

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City of Helsinki: Social services

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Vita.fi

Medical clinics’ contact information

Sininauhaliitto

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Raittiuden ystävät

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Päihdelinkki

Broad site about substance dependencies

Literature

Literature and scientific publications about alcoholism, dependency and the ContrAl Method: 

Agosti, V. (1995)

”The Efficacy of Treatment in Reducing Alcohol Consumption: A Meta-Analysis.” International Journal of Addictions 30:1067-1077.

Altshuler, H.L., Phillips, P.E., & Feinhandler, D.A. (1980)

”Alteration of Ethanol Self-Administration by Naltrexone.” Life Sciences 26:679-688.

Bohn, M.J., Kranzler, H.R., Beazoglou, D., & Staehler, B.A. (1994)

”Naltrexone and Brief Counseling to Reduce Heavy Drinking.” The American Journal on Addictions 3:91-99.

Garbutt, J.C., West, S.L., Carey, T.S., Lohr, K.N., & Crews, F.T. (1999)

”Pharmacological Treatment of Alcohol Dependence: A Review of the Evidence.” Journal of American Medical Association 281:1318-1325.

Heinälä, P., Alho, H., Kiianmaa, K., Lönnqvist, J., Kuoppasalmi, K., Sinclair, J.D., & Kiianmaa, K. (2001).

”Targeted Use of Naltrexone Without Prior Detoxification in the Treatment of Alcohol Dependence: A Factorial Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.” Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology 21(3):287-292.

Heinälä, P., Alho, H., Kuoppasalmi, K, Lönnqvist, J, Sinclair, D., & Kiianmaa, K. (1999).

”Naltrexone in Alcoholism Treatment: Patient Efficacy and Compliance.” New Research. Program & Abstracts. American Psychiatric Association 1999 Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. May 15-20, 1999.

Kranzler, H.R., Tennen, H., Penta, C., & Bohn, M.J. (1997)

”Targeted Naltrexone Treatment of Early Problem Drinkers.” Addictive Behaviors 22:431-436.

Litten, R.Z., Croop, R.S., Chick, J., McCaul, M.E., Mason, B., & Sass, H.(1996)

”International Update: New Findings on Promising Medications.” Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 20:216A-218A.

Mason, B.J., Ritvo, E.C., Morgan, R.O., Salvato, F.R., Goldberg, G., Welch, B., & Mantero-Atienza, E. (1994)

”A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Pilot Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Oral Nalmefene HCL for Alcohol Dependence.” Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 18:1162-1167.

Mason, B.J., Salvato, F.R., Williams, L.D., Ritvo, E.C., & Cutler, R.B. (1999).

”A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of Oral Nalmefene for Alcohol Dependence.” Archives of General Psychiatry 56:719-724.

Maxwell, S. & Shinderman, M.S. (2000)

”Use of Naltrexone in the Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders in Patients with Concomitant Major Mental Illness.” Journal of Addictive Diseases 19(3).

O’Malley, S.S., Jaffe, A.J., Chang, G., Schottenfeld, R.S.,Meyer, R.E., & Rounsaville, B. (1992)

”Naltrexone and Coping Skills Therapy for Alcohol Dependence.” Archives of General Psychiatry 49:881-887.

O’Malley, S.S., Jaffe, A.J., Chang, G., Rode, S., Schottenfeld, R.S., Meyer, R.E., & Rounsaville, B. (1996)

”Six-month Follow-up of Naltrexone and Psychotherapy for Alcohol Dependence.” Archives of General Psychiatry 53: 217-224.

Renault, P.F. (1980)

”Treatment of Heroin-Dependent Persons with Antagonists: Current Status.” In Naltrexone: Research Monograph 28, ed. R.E. Willett & G. Barnett, 11-22. Washington, D.C.: National Institute on Drug Abuse.

Sinclair, J.D. (2001)

”Evidence about the Use of Naltrexone and for Different Ways of Using It in the Treatment of Alcoholism.” Alcohol & Alcoholism 36: 2-10.

Sinclair, J.D., Kymäläinen, O., Hernesniemi, M., Shinderman, M.S. & Maxwell, S. (1998)

”Treatment of Alcohol Dependence with Naltrexone Utilizing an Extinction Protocol.” 38th Annual Meeting, National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) -sponsored New Clinical Drug Evaluation Unit (NCDEU) Program, Boca Raton, Florida, June 10-13, 1998.

Heinälä P, Alho H, Kiianmaa K, Lönnqvist J, Kuoppasalmi K, Sinclair JD. (2001)

Targeted use of naltrexone without prior detoxification in the treatment of alcohol dependence: a factorial double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2001 Jun;21(3):287-92

Sinclair, J.D., Kymäläinen, O., & Jakobson, B. (1998)

”Extinction of the Association between Stimuli and Drinking in the Clinical Treatment of Alcoholism with Naltrexone.” Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 22: supplement: 144A.

Sinclair, J.D., Vilamo, L., & Jakobson, B. (1994)

”Selective Extinction of Alcohol Drinking in Rats with Decreasing Doses of Opioid Antagonists.” Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 18:489.

Volpicelli, J.R., Alterman, A.I., Hayashida, M.,& O’Brien, C.P. (1992)

”Naltrexone in the Treatment of Alcohol Dependence.” Archives of General Psychiatry 49:876-880.

Mann K, Bladström A, Torup L, Gual A, Van den Brink E. (2012)

Extending the Treatment Options in Alcohol Dependence: A Randomized Controlled Study of As-Needed Nalmefene. Biol Psychiatry. 2012 Dec 10. doi:pii: S0006-3223(12)00942-0. 10.1016/j.biopsych.2012.10.020.